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Trees in the Mail

Gray Birch Tree

Gray Birch Tree

Regular price $23.95 USD
Regular price Sale price $23.95 USD
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Gray birch is a pioneer species, quickly growing in disturbed sites. Tolerates multiple soil types but prefers well-drained soils. Tight, non-shedding gray/white bark with dark, upside-down V-shaped furrows, called chevrons. Adapted to the full and direct sunlight in disturbed areas, gray birch has been known to act as a ‘nursery tree’ for mid- to late-successional trees and shrubs by creating more hospitable, partially-shaded conditions.

A smaller tree to 30 ft (occasionally taller – the current USA champion in the Cape May, NJ region is tipping 48 ft.) Leaves are triangular, somewhat 3-sided, with a pointed tip. Each individual tree has both male and female flowers with the female flowers creating 1–2 inch cones in the spring that when fertilized bear numerous small, winged seeds that are dispersed by wind in late fall/winter. The male flowers produce 4-5 inch catkins in the spring. Twigs are reddish-brown, and odorless (a further distinguishing characteristic to the wintergreen odor of some fellow birch species).

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